Nipah Virus The New Alert For a New Pandemic
According to the “WHO” Nipah virus infection is a zoonotic illness that is transmitted to people from animals, and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly from person-to-person. In infected people, it causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis. The virus can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers.
Although Nipah virus has caused only a few known outbreaks in Asia, it infects a wide range of animals and causes severe disease and death in people.
During the first recognized outbreak in Malaysia, which also affected Singapore, most human infections resulted from direct contact with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues. Transmission is thought to have occurred via unprotected exposure to secretions from the pigs, or unprotected contact with the tissue of a sick animal.
The coronavirus has mutated into three different strains, said Balawi, including the British, South African, and Brazilian strains.
He added that it is not possible to determine the rise, decline or stability of the pandemic curve, except after two or four weeks, stressing the necessity of caution in dealing with reopening sectors and the need to adhere to preventive and precautionary measures.
Balawi stressed that the preventive measures are much better in Jordanian society, in terms of wearing a face mask, physical distancing and avoiding gatherings, than they have been since the start of the pandemic.
However, he indicated that citizens are ‘bored’ and are appearing to become less committed, which requires controlling matters by the competent authorities to tighten supervision and to control violators, indicating that complacency will bring Jordan back to square one in dealing with the pandemic.